A comparison on the conditions of child labor in america and india

Minimum Wages Act of [58] The Minimum Wages Act prescribes minimum wages in all enterprises, and in some cases those working at home per the schedule of the Act. The children often endure these conditions under the threat of dismissal and arrest by immigration police. Some children are forced to work long hours and overtime, and receive little, if any, pay.

Going beyond a donation rebate in income taxit is the desire to help every Indian child be the best they can be that should compel you to be a part of this change. The bonded families are required to work under a contract between the families and the kiln owners; under the contracts, workers can be bought and sold among kiln owners.

The families receive little payment if any, and lodging and food expenses are deducted from their paychecks. It is an act to provide for a scheme for the payment of gratuity to employees engaged in factories, mines, oilfields, ports, plantations, shops or other establishments and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Some children are forced to work without equipment to protect them from exposure to toxic chemicals and dust. Sierra Leone Diamonds There are reports that children, mostly boys agesare forced to mine for diamonds in Sierra Leone.

In spite of global reduction in child labor, child labor in sub-Saharan Africa has actually increased in recent years. A problem of this magnitude cannot be solved by any one nation or corporation, no matter how large or powerful it may be.

Argentina Garments There are reports that children from Bolivia are forced to produce garments in informal workshops in the city of Buenos Aires and its surrounding municipalities. Russia Pornography There are reports that children are forced to engage in pornography in Russia. Pakistan Bricks There are reports that children in Pakistan work under conditions of forced labor producing bricks.

Some children are exposed to dye and toxic chemicals without protective equipment; and some are forced to work overtime, even when they are sick. Some children, usually with their families, live at the worksite where they are watched by guards and forbidden from leaving.

One exception is white collar jobs, where companies have stronger lobbies and employees are not unionised, so they have managed to operate freely with a much larger workforce and have been able to lay off a significant portion of their workforce without contravening labour laws.

This has enabled the NGO to demand policy and legislative action to abolish child labour. Most factories that produce zari, a type of embroidery, are concentrated in Mumbai and Delhi, but many children are trafficked from other locations such as Bihar.

Many are forced to work under threat of physical violence. Some children are forced to work with toxic pesticides. Sometimes identity papers and wages are withheld as a means to restrict freedom of movement. Children between years engaged in hazardous work account for The children, beginning between ages 12 and 14, are forced to work in hazardous conditions digging, breaking rocks, transporting, washing, and pounding the gold, including work underground in narrow shafts.

Local officials and the military enforce the work orders, and workers cannot refuse to work, even if sick. They frequently have their identity documents confiscated by their employers.

Some children are used as a guarantee for the loan and are forced to work to pay it off. Landlords charge these tenant workers for costs such as rent, fertilizer, and seeds; these costs often exceed the profit earned from the tobacco harvest and result in debt for the worker and his or her family.

According to an assessment by the ILO, as many asstone quarry workers, including entire families, in Tamil Nadu were bonded laborers.

List of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor

According to the most recently available estimates, between 40, and 1 million students are mobilized annually for the harvest, beginning as early as the third grade. According to the most recently available data from the ILO and NGOs, over 70, children work on tobacco plantations, some of them under conditions of bonded labor.

Nigeria Gravel There are reports that children, mostly boys as young as age four, are forced to excavate and process gravel in Nigeria. Families working on tobacco estates sometimes become bonded to their landlords, and their children are forced to work to repay their family debts.

Some children inherit the debt of their parents if their parents pass away or stop working, and remain bonded and able to be sold to a different employer. According to a report by the ILO containing the most recently available data, in the combined Sahel regions of Burkina Faso and Niger, up to percent of the gold mine workforce is comprised of children; most are under the age of 15, and some work under conditions of forced labor.

Burma Bamboo There are reports that children as young as age 10 are forced to work in the production of bamboo in Burma. Some children work alone or with their families as bonded laborers in the factories.

These children receive little or no payment, with many receiving wage deductions for lodging and food expenses. Just last year, the NGO rescued children from the clutches of child labour.

According to the most recently available data from universities, NGOs, government raids, and international organizations, hundreds of children in the Lake Volta region have been rescued from the fishing industry, in which they were forced to undertake such tasks as diving to untangle fishing nets from underwater tree stumps.Child labor in China was largely tackled by decades of economic development, but new challenges arise with the issues of child trafficking and factories Child Labour in China, Factories & Child Trafficking.

December 5, Poverty. (lack of proper protection, excessive working hours). Within only a few years, many of these kids start. List of Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor; Country Good Description Translation; Afghanistan: Bricks: There are reports that children as young as age four in Afghanistan are working in conditions of forced labor and in debt bondage at brick kilns.

CHILD LABOR: ISSUES, CAUSES AND INTERVENTIONS* HCOWP 56 by Faraaz Siddiqi not child labor itself, but the conditions under which it operates (Boyden ).

Asia is led by India which has 44 million child laborers, giving it the largest child workforce in the world. In Pakistan, 10 percent of all workers. A nationwide survey found child labour prevalence had reduced to million children (or less than 2% of children in age group).

Article 24 of India's constitution prohibits child labour, but only in factories, mines or hazardous employment. Oct 27,  · However, 1 in 7 children worldwide still work, many of them full-time. Discover the history of child labor and child labor laws, then and now. MORE.

Child Labor Laws Then and Now

1 in 10 living in Latin America work. While child labor rates peaked in the early 20th century, the rate of decline has slowed in recent years. This is the plight India's child labor. Bill Reviews: Child Labor in America Years Ago. At the start of the 20 th century, labor in America was in short supply, and laws concerning the employment of .

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A comparison on the conditions of child labor in america and india
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