Bahrain was on the brink of disintegration. Notably, to this very day none of these countries are considered democratic.
In fact, before protests broke out, the Egyptian military had been quietly waging a power struggle against Mubarak to prevent him from installing his son, Gamal, as his successor. And although regional support for Democracy remains exceptionally high, opinion of the US has yet to improve.
To begin with, sudden social upheavals have almost never produced democracies. Its government has taken the unprecedented step of inviting UN human rights experts to find out what happened at the Pearl Roundabout and afterwards, learn from the mistakes of the past and turn a new page.
Even if true at the time, the appreciation certainly faded quickly. It was still seen as the rightful way; not as something inevitable, but something that should be fought for, a victim of the clash of civilization.
Log in to post comments Latest Posts. Democracy, in fact, was the least likely outcome of the Arab Spring. Politically, Bahrain has representative institutions, but power is concentrated in an appointed upper chamber. The new approach will be based on rationality, and not the export of values.
For example, it never reached the public domain that Sunnis needing medical treatment at the Salmaniya hospital were pre-screened out. Given their belief in the primacy of states and hard power capabilities, realists were inherently skeptical of this claim.
There was an emotional reaction in Afghanistan in which huge numbers of troops were mobilized, and the U. Moreover, a March poll revealed that 56 percent of Egyptians were against establishing closer relations with the US; less than a quarter supported doing so.
Even as order was being restored, sadly at the cost of two dozen lives, the reality of sectarian violence loomed. It is still not widely appreciated how close Bahrain came to falling into a sectarian abyss earlier this year.
Realists, on the other hand, have long been some of the only members of the US foreign policy establishment to support taking a harder line with Israel, particularly in its dispute with the Palestinians. In political discourse, it is often claimed that the glasnost and perestroika policies instituted by Gorbachev were instrumental in beginning the end of the Cold War.
As noted above, revolutions unleash an extended usually violent power struggle between societal groups seeking to define the new political and social order. They therefore had little reason to shore up his regime, and instead determined their interests would be best served by easing Mubarak from power.
Sunni migrant workers from the Indian sub-continent were also attacked. One of the uncomfortable features of democratic politics in countries with sectarian division is that it creates incentives to deepen those divisions.
You can follow him on Twitter dailyworldwatch. Although, foreign policy developments are often unexpected, and one might argue that a lot also depends on the major actors such as Iran and Russia, those in the fluid, volatile Middle East, and those in the Asian flare-up zones.
Some arriving in ambulances were attacked.
The following month, 79 percent of Egyptians said they viewed the US unfavorably. Instead, realists believe that the US should use its leverage over Israel to pressure it to adopt policies more in line with US interests, most notably achieving a two-state solution.
Containment of al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Yemen, without society and nation-building, is the second core of the same approach. Nonetheless, realists would have cautioned against the undue optimism that gripped the US foreign policy establishment as Egyptians flooded Tahrir Square, and warned against the unsound policies that flowed from this optimism.
Not surprisingly, foreign policy discourse in the United States often sounds as if it has been lifted right out of a Liberalism lecture. Unlike in neighboring countries, the Tunisian and Egyptian militaries were professional forces with strong ties to the US and power bases independent of the ruling regimes.
Surveys have also shown that Arab attitudes towards the US are colored by the perception that America favors Israel in its ongoing conflict with the Palestinians. The US therefore has an interest in protecting oil supplies in the region, which—in the absence of a potential hegemonic power—equates to maintaining a degree of stability.
Democratic transitions are especially turbulent. The belief in the superiority of the Western value system, capitalism and liberal democracy, and its inevitability to survive as the ultimate way was shaken, but not discarded.
Although the US itself does not get much of its energy from Middle Eastern petroleum, the European and Asian markets that are important for the health of the US economy are highly dependent on it.Henry Kissinger: Meshing realism and idealism in Syria, Middle East The Arab Spring is often celebrated by reciting the roll call of overthrown autocrats.
But revolutions, in. Hsueh-min Patrick Hung GC International Relations – Post Cold War 11/4/ Realism, Liberalism, and Assessing the Arab Spring PART I: Realism & Liberalism International relations theory investigates the behavior and patterns of interaction among states in an international system, and the two most prominent traditions are Realism.
In Realism and Democracy: American Foreign Policy after the Arab Spring, Elliott Abrams, a senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, advocates for an American.
Bahrain and the Arab Spring: time for some realism View. Film. All the latest film trailers, reviews and features. View. Football. Catch.
The Hoover Institution hosted "Realism and Democracy: American Foreign Policy after the Arab Spring" on Monday, November 6, from pm - pm EST. A powerful tool in the fight against Communism, democracy promotion in Eastern Europe, Latin America and Asia contributed to liberating tens of millions of people from oppression.
U.S. Foreign Policy: Back to Realism. As new currents affect U.S. foreign policy, a Realist perspective is regaining ground. By Sumantra Maitra the failure of the “global war on terror,” and finally the Arab Spring movements forced the west to take a sharp, long look in a mirror.
The subsequent actions by Western powers indicate a.Download