Billy Graham Positive[ edit ] Referent power in a positive form utilizes the shared personal connection or shared belief between the influencing agent and target with the intention of positively correlated actions of the target.
Referent power is commonly seen in political and military figures, although celebrities often have this as well. The responsibility involved is heavy and the power easily lost, but when combined with other forms of power it can be very useful.
A military officer leading his troops into combat might be severely handicapped if he had to give complete explanations for each move. Direct and Indirect Information Bases of power[ edit ] As mentioned above, there are now six main concepts of power strategies consistently studied in social communication research.
Social psychologists John French and Bertram Raven studied this phenomenon more than half a century ago. It usually develops over a long period of time.
Despite its age, their research can still help us to understand why some leaders influence us, how prepared we are to accept their power, and — if you are a leader — how you can develop new power bases to get the best from your people. One organizational study found that reward power tended to lead to greater satisfaction on the part of employees, which means that it might increase influence in a broad range of situations.
Some pitfalls can emerge when too heavy a reliance is made on expertise; these include: Force may include physical, social, emotional, political, or economic means. If you lose the title or position, your legitimate power can instantly disappear, because people were influenced by the position you held rather than by you.
The manner in which the power strategy is utilized will also affect its success or failure. How did it feel to work for these leaders, and which one got the best from you? Legitimate — This comes from the belief that a person has the formal right to make demands, and to expect others to be compliant and obedient.
How information is used — sharing it with others, limiting it to key people, keeping it secret from key people, organizing it, increasing it, or even falsifying it — can create a shift in power within a group. Being there are now six solid bases of power studied in the Communication field, it is very important to know the situational uses of each power, focusing on when each is most effective.
Information power extends to the ability to get information not presently held such as a case with a librarian or data base manager.
Some pitfalls can arise when too heavy reliance is placed on legitimate power; these include: The main goal of coercion is compliance. Information may be readily available through public records, research, and but information is sometimes assumed privileged or confidential.
Coercive control Blackbeard the infamous pirate Coercive power uses the threat of force to gain compliance from another. There may be a cost-benefit analysis by an agent of influence to determine if Information Power or influence is the best strategy.
Where coercion is deemed necessary, a leader might soften its negative effects with a touch of humor. Reward Power People in power are often able to give out rewards.
So does a CEO, a religious minister, or a fire chief. Some pitfalls can occur related to referent assumptions; these include: Providing rational arguments, using information to persuade others, using facts and manipulating information can create a power base.
Examples of information that is sensitive or limits accessibility:The original French and Raven () model included five bases of power – reward, coercion, legitimate, expert, and referent – however, informational power was added by Raven inbringing the total to six.
The five bases of power are identified as coercive, reward, legitimate, referent and expert power. Coercive power is based on the idea of coercion. Read this essay on Five Bases of Power. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at ultimedescente.com". Five Bases of Power Maria Mayorga BCom November 28, Jay Johnson Five Bases of Power Power is said to be ability of one person, group, or organization to control another person, group, or organization.
Essay about Relationship Between Dependency and Power - The following essay is a discussion on the five power bases (which are coercive, reward, legitimate, expert, and referent), and the relationship between dependency and power.
May 26, · Hr Essay On Power of power into five bases of power. This has been the simple and original approach to power but since it has been classified in a different way by distinguish power Words: — Pages:Download